Also known as maize, it is a cereal grain that was domesticated by indigenous people in southern Mexico about 10 milllenia ago. Intercropping Canavalia (Canavalia spp.) The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits . Mexican corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera zea Krysan & Smith (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The entire margin leaf has no serrated edges, and is composed by one continuous, smooth surface around the whole edge of the leaf.. Members of the Zea genus share the silky appendages to their female flowers and the formation of plump grains as seeds. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. https://philnews.ph/2020/07/09/what-is-the-scientific-name-of-corn-answer Corn was originally domesticated in Mexico by native peoples by about 9,000 years ago. They feed on the tassels, cobs and upper leaves of corn plants. 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Varieties of yellow and white corn are the most popular as food, though there are varieties with red, blue, pink, and black kernels, often banded, spotted, or striped. Indoor Corn Plant Care. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. There are different races. 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Corn Scientific name: Zea mays Family: Poaceae ... Intercropping corn with beans and other legumes regulates pests (leafhopper, leaf beetles, stalk borer, and fall armyworm) and increases the land utility. ), destroying the growth potential of plants, or clipping the leaves. Binomial name It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. Chemical/Biological Control Figure 1. Corn belongs to the genus Zea, the final level of classification before the species level. They are closely related and look very similar in size and color. Scientific name, A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. How to Control Corn Leaf Aphids. Disease development is favored by extended periods (>6 hours) of leaf wetness (rain or dew) and moderate temperatures (64-81°F). Scientific Name Rhopalosiphum maidis. Corn leaf aphids have piercing, sucking mouthparts. Dent corn is characterized by a depression in the crown of the kernel caused by unequal drying of the hard and soft starch making up the kernel. Zea mays ssp. However, as a regular and serious pest, its range tends to … U.S. Weed Information. Legal Status. In addition, some strains have been genetically engineered for greater drought tolerance. Diets in which it predominates often result in pellagra (niacin-deficiency disease). In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Sweet Corn Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Omissions? Zea mays (Poaceae). It is blue-green in colour and less than 2 mm (1/12 in.) They used many generations of selective breeding to transform a wild teosinte grass with small grains into the rich source of food that is modern Zea mays. Zea is a genus of the grass family Gramineae. Its gluten (elastic protein) is of comparatively poor quality, and it is not used to produce leavened bread. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Popcorn Tree Leaf Identification. Hel… Scientific Name Exserohilum turcicum. Scientific name: Monolepta australis. The domesticated crop originated in the Americas and is one of the most widely distributed of the world’s food crops. The large narrow leaves have wavy margins and are spaced alternately on opposite sides of the stem. It is derived from the Greek term zeiá which translates to another grain that is possibly dinkle wheat or spelt. Although corn-based biofuels were initially touted as environmentally friendly alternatives to petroleum, their production diverts arable land and feedstock from the human food chain, sparking a “food versus fuel” debate. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The following pages compose an index to some of your favorite specimens, grouped by scientific name, in alphabetical sections. Infection of susceptible varieties occurs when temperatures are moderate (64 to 80ºF) to warm (68 to 90ºF) and damp, humidity, weather prevails. Preferred Scientific Name; Ostrinia furnacalis Preferred Common Name; Asian corn borer Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Metazoa Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Uniramia Class: Insecta Will There Be A New Date For LET Exam? Sweet corn is widely grown in New York State from large, commercial fresh market acreages, to extensive processing vegetable acreages, to the ever-popular backyard garden plots. Banded cucumber beetle Diabrotica … 2011-11-15 09:06:42 2011-11-15 09:06:42. Northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) is caused by the fungus Setosphaeria turcica. The nymphs have no wings and are green to tan in color. Scientific Name Rhopalosiphum maidis. Zea mays ssp. Larvae also will burrow into the growing point (bud, whorl, etc. Cochliobolus heterostrophus; this is the name for the sexual stage; the asexual stage is known as Bipolaris maydis (previously it was Drechslera maydis and before that Helminthosporium maydis). with corn improves soil productivity. The generic name or the initial part of the name highlights the genus to which an organism belongs to. Southern corn leaf blight (SCLB) is a fungal disease of maize caused by the plant pathogen Bipolaris maydis (also known as Cochliobolus heterostrophus in its teleomorph state). Smith). Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Refer to Figure 1 on how to correctly determine the height of a corn plant. Its protein is of poor quality, and it is deficient in niacin. Scientific nameThe binomial name of corn is Zea mays. Zea mays (Poaceae). huehuetenangensis. Genus: Zea. Other monocot plants include bananas, lilies and palm trees. KathNiel Series: Kathryn Bernardo, Daniel Padilla will do this 2021 project? Northern corn leaf blight of corn. Northern corn leaf blight disease cycle. Common corn rust, caused by the fungus Puccinia sorghi, is the most frequently occurring of the two primary rust diseases of corn in the U.S., but it rarely causes significant yield losses in Ohio field (dent) corn. Reduced tillage systems will tend to have more as the pathogen overwinters in the residue. common name: corn blotch leafminer scientific name: Agromyza parvicornis Loew (Insecta: Diptera: Agromyzidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description and Life Cycle - Host Plants - Economic Importance - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Immature stages: Small (less than 1 mm) yellowish oval flaccid eggs are laid … Lesions most often begin on the lower leaves. As the disease develops, individual lesions may join, forming large blighted areas. It has a pear-shaped body with two cornicles at the tip of the abdomen. Zea mays. Photo by Drees. However, it can be derived from other languages too. Maize leaf blight, maize northern leaf blight. Given that corn flour is gluten-free, it cannot be used alone to make rising breads. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. About 25 corn varieties are suitable for popcorn. This food has become a staple food in many areas of the globe. Flint corn, containing little soft starch, has no depression. Each ear is enclosed by modified leaves called shucks or husks. Traductions en contexte de "corn leaf" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : Abundant conidiophores and conidia of Helminthosporium maydis were produced within 48 h on diseased corn leaf … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/corn-plant, National Center for Biotechnology Information - Corn, corn - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), corn - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Such a name is called a binomial name or a scientific name. The diseases affecting sweet corn in New York State are numerous, and are caused by three major groups of plant pathogens — bacteria , fungi , and viruses . Class: Liliopsida. Worldwide. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF CORN – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the binomial or scientific name of corn. Obviously these two species are closely related, and the larvae of both species can be present in the same fields at the same time. The UF|IFAS says the scientific name of a leaf is the same worldwide. lachrymans)Chocolate spot, Bacterial brown spot of beans (P. syringae pv. There are two fungal pathogens that cause GLS: Cercospora zeae-maydis and Cercospora zeina. Cellulosic ethanol, which is made from nonedible plant parts such as agricultural waste, has a smaller impact on the food chain than corn ethanol, though the conversion technology is generally less efficient than that of first-generation biofuels. In the United States corn ethanol is typically blended with gasoline to produce “gasohol,” an automotive fuel that is 10 percent ethanol. Identification The corn leaf aphid is the most common aphid found in corn. Below is a listing of several common insects by both their name and by their assigned scientific name. Species: Z. mays. Preferred Scientific Name. The corn blotch leafminer, Agromyza parvicornis Loew, was originally called the "corn-leaf blotch miner" by Phillips (1914). Although it is a major food in many parts of the world, corn is inferior to other cereals in nutritional value. This species aggregated around the ear and silks, and sometimes their honeydew production interfered with pollination. Family: Poaceae. Causal organisms: Bacteria Important species: Bacterial leaf spot of cole (P. syringae pv. One important observation I've noticed is that cornfields can have two aphid species - corn leaf aphid and bird cherry oat aphid. Corn is used as livestock feed, as human food, as biofuel, and as raw material in industry.