Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers bloom in flattened cymes (each to 2 1/2\" across) in late spring (May-June). Click on each individual photo to enlarge for full size preview. alternate-leaf dogwood Cornaceae Cornus alternifolia L. f. symbol: COAL2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oval to ovate, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, arcuate venation, leaves tend to cluster near branch tips so they may appear whorled or opposite, margins may be somewhat wavy, green above and paler below. Some afternoon shade is appreciated in hot summer climates such as the St. Louis area. A top notch native tree frequently overlooked for landscape consideration. Fruit green, white and finally bluish-black, about 7 mm diam., ripens in midsummer. Small mammals and birds eat the fruit of pagoda dogwood. Cornus alternifolia This plant owes its name to its distinctive layered branches, which resemble the tiered, spreading roofline of an elaborate pagoda. ‘Argentea' - This is a variegated cultivar of pagoda dogwood. It is native to both moist and dry forests, forest margins, stream banks and fields from Newfoundland to Minnesota south to northern Arkansas and through the Appalachians to Georgia and Alabama. Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Plant as a specimen or in small groupings on residential property around homes, near patios or in lawns. Scientific Name: Cornus L. (Cornaceae) alternifolia L.f. ... (2019) p 268-69 Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf, Habit, Flower Photo. The deep green, heavily textured leaves turn burgundy in … Fruit is blue-black. 50% OFF. Pagoda dogwood is best planted on the north or east sides of buildings so that it is in direct sunlight for only part of the day. Candelabras of reddish-green fruits mature to black drupes which are eaten by a variety of birds as well as black bear. Small yellowish-white flowers are borne in late May and early June and are followed by bluish-black fruit in July, much beloved by birds. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. This site was last updated on December 4, 2020. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Fruit is a bluish black drupe present in July and August. C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. Flowers in a dense head-like cluster subtended by 4 large showy white (or pinkish) bracts; fruit dark red, in tight heads. The foliage may turn reddish purple in the fall. Excellent for native plantings! 0 Pagoda dogwood is a good choice for a natu-ralized landscape as it will tolerate shade. Since the plant grows fast, I recommend a #5 container size plant to start with. Golden Shadows® is even more striking with its 4″ iridescent lime-green leaves, broadly edged in gold, and fragrant, white clusters of flower bracts. Birds relish the blue-black fruit in August. Cornus controversa, commonly called giant dogwood, is a rounded, medium-sized, deciduous tree that will grow somewhat rapidly to 35-40’ (less frequently to 60’) tall with distinctive horizontal branching in tiers.This tree and C. alternifolia are the only dogwoods that feature alternate leaves. Dirr, Michael A. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with questions about this site. Small, round fruits ripen to a deep blue-purple in late summer. The young stems are deep purplish brown and bear alternate, ovate, dark green leaves, up to 5 in. Its scientific name Cornus alternifolia indicates that its leaves alternate on the branch, unlike most of the rest of the Cornus genus. Species. Best grown in acidic, organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants taken from the wild do not do well, so it is best to buy those grown in a nursery. Cornus alternifolia Pagoda Dogwood. Pagoda dogwoods are especially striking when accented by masses of small, fragrant creamy white flowers in early summer. Grows best in moist, acid, well-drained soil in part shade. Deciduous tree 15-25' tall with distinctive horizontal branching. Noteworthy Characteristics. The fruit is a fleshy, pedunculate drupe and may be black, blue, white or red. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. Leaves have a white margin and a green interior. Cornus alternifolia 'Argentea' Dogwood. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. Provide consistent moisture and mulch root zone. Likes sun to partial shade. Alternate-Leaved Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) has drupes that are blue-black; it differs from Swamp Dogwood by having alternate leaves with slightly more pairs of lateral veins (4-6), a more tree-like habit of growth, and twigs with small white pith. The common name for Cornus alternifolia, Pagoda Dogwood, comes from the graceful, horizontal branching habit of this small tree. Cultivars and their differences Gold Bullion™ Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): Golden yellow foliage turns chartruse-yellow in the fall. Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers bloom in flattened cymes (each to 2 1/2" across) in late spring (May-June). 3. Cornus alternifolia Common name: Pagoda Dogwood . Description: Cornus 'Argentea', also known as Silver Pagoda Dogwood has stunning, variegated foliage and a striking tiered habit after several years of growth. Cornus alternifolia is a small deciduous tree or large multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-25 tall with distinctive tiered/layered horizontal branching which is upward-turned at the tips. Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood) Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Page 2 The fruit is borne on bright red stalks. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) on red stalks. Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ is a variegated form with white and green leaves that is rare in cultivation. Pagoda dogwood is a good choice for a naturalized landscape as it will tolerate shade. Pagoda dogwood was introduced into the European landscape in 1760. Fall foliage is golden orange. We are always ready to answer any questions you may have or help you with the ordering process. Cornus alba NickolasTitkov CC BY-ND 2.0 Cornus alba Megan Hansen CC-BY-SA 2.0 Cornus alba Kari Pihlaviita CC BY-NC 2.0 White berries Nathanael Drayton CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Cornus alba Peter-OConnor-CC-BY-SA 2.0 Fall color of Cornus alba 'Kesselringii' peganum CC-BY-SA 2.0 Opposite buds mpaola-andreoni Bright red twigs. It is deciduous. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Cornus Florida is a tree. They are somewhat attractive and are borne in cymes that are 1½ to 2½ inches in diameter. Creamy white clusters of flowers hover on elegantly spaced branches in May before turning to clusters of attractive blue-black fruit that birds adore. It is also an attractive plant. Fruits mature in late summer. Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet and often used common name of alternate-leaf dogwood.Genus name comes from the Latin word cornu meaning horn in probable reference to the strength and density of the wood. Fruit: Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. One or two seeds are enclosed within the hard endocarp, which in the cornelian cherries is riddled with cavities (Kubitzki 2004, Cappiello & Shadow 2005, Xiang & Boufford 2005). Giant dogwood (C. controversa) - is a spreading tree from Japan and China with horizontal branching. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or email@example.com. Hardy to USDA Zone 3 Native range from New Brunswick east to Minnesota and south to Georgia and Alabama. Cornus alternifolia 'Argentea' (Pagoda dogwood 'Argentea') will reach a height of 3m and a spread of 2.5m after 5-10 years. Plants taken from the wild do not do well, so it is best to buy those grown in a nursery. 3. Plants can have excellent flower, fruit and fall color impact. It grows up to 10 M. Best used for Fever. It is commonly known as green osier, alternate-leaved dogwood, and pagoda dogwood. Cornus alternifolia Pagoda Dogwood ZONE 3. Dark blue fruit appears later and is much appreciated by songbirds. The cultivar ‘Variegata' offers leaves with creamy white borders. Pagoda dogwood has a fibrous, spreading rootsystem, and transplants best when it is young. Plant Habit • Mound. They can be made into jelly. HERB BLURB. Cornus alternifolia is our only dogwood with alternate leaves and although it is not very tall, it is also our only dogwood that usually has the growth form of a tree. Flowers appear in late spring, are yellowish-white, and are born in flat-topped upright clusters resulting in f that are bluish-black fruit about 1/3 of an inch in diameter on a pinky-red stalk. ... • Ornamental Fruit. Another commonly used name of Cornus … Plants reach 8 … Flowering dogwoods Cornus florida, C. kousa, C. capitata and C. nuttallii do best in well-drained but fertile soil that is rich in organic matter and neutral to acid in pH. Light Conditions • Sun to Part Shade. Flowers in a compound cyme without subtending bracts; fruit white to blue, in an open infructescence. long (12 cm). Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Maroon-red fall color. 1-501-821-4770. 20 May 2005, Life Sciences, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 777-784: The anthocyanins in native Cornus alternifolia, Cornus controversa, Cornus kousa and Cornus florida were quantified Cornus is also the Latin name for cornelian cherry.Specific epithet refers to the alternate arrangement of the leaves.Common name of pagoda dogwood is in reference to the tiered horizontal branching. It grows in a tropical climate. Cornus alternifolia is a small deciduous tree or large multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-25’ tall with distinctive tiered/layered horizontal branching which is upward-turned at the tips. In TCM : Cornus Florida Fruit : Shan Zhu Yu, Zao Pi Meridians associated : Kidney and Liver. It is rare in the southern United States. It has creamy white flowers in May and June. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or firstname.lastname@example.org. It … This species reproduces vegetatively by … Also effective in shrub borders, woodland gardens, bird gardens or naturalized areas. It is native to both moist and dry forests, forest margins, stream banks and fields from Newfoundland to Minnesota south to northern Arkansas and through the Appalachians to Georgia and Alabama. Sun to part shade. Trees of the Southeastern United States. Flowers give … Flower and fruit: Flowers, effective for a week to 10 days in May or early June, are yellowish white and extremely fragrant. Leaf blades rough to … METHOD OF PREPARATION: Ripe fruit edible raw. (1997) p 103 Parts Shown: Flower, Fruit, Habit Photo. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. The fruit is borne on bright red stalks. Usually a multibranched plant that does not attain the same height as the species. It can reach 60 feet tall! An Equal Opportunity University. Scale, leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests. Young leaves boiled. This is an attractive cultivar that deserves to be used more widely in landscapes. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Site design : Academic Web Pages. fruit All species of Dogwoods in our region have simple leaves with entire (smooth, toothless) margins, and arcuate veins (the veins curve up toward the tip of the leaf). alternifolia: having alternate leaves. Offers a wonderful horizontal branching pattern that works great to break up vertical elements in the landscape. A spectacular specimen tree in the landscape, Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood) is a small deciduous tree or large, multi-stemmed shrub with beautifully layered horizontal branches. Elliptic-ovate, medium green leaves (to 3-5” long) turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall. Photos. Clusters of bluish-black berries (drupes) and red peduncles (flower stalks); ripens in July. Cornus alternifolia. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or email@example.com, Pagoda Dogwood - Cornus alternifoliaDogwood Family (Cornaceae). C. florida. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Small mammals and birds eat the fruit of pagoda dogwood. 4. Attracts Wildlife • Attracts Pollinators • Attracts Wildlife. Susceptible to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot and canker. Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. 21701 Lawson Road, Little Rock, Arkansas 72210. Best performance occurs in cool summer climates. Cornus alternifolia requires a moist, acid, well-drained soil in and does best in part-shade. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Grows to 15-20’ tall x 15-20’ wide.
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